What Basics Should I Learn Before Android App Development?

If you’re considering developing your own Android app, you should first learn some programming languages. Java is an extremely popular programming language used by software developers. In addition to creating apps, Java also allows you to work on back-end development. SQL is an important language to learn for Android app development, because it can be used to retrieve information and ask questions of data. This article will cover some of the essentials you should know to get started.

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Learn some Java basics before Android app development. Object-oriented programming, or OOP, is vital to successful Android app development. OOP allows programmers to write code that is both portable and reusable. Java is a popular choice among programmers because of its ease of learning and cross-platform capabilities. Here are some tips to get you started. Once you learn some Java basics, you can start learning more about the Android development process.

Learn to program using the Java programming language. Java is one of the most popular languages for building apps on Android. There are many resources available online, but Java tutorials for beginners cover everything you need to know before you can start developing your first Android app. Learn about inheritance and object-oriented programming. Learn how to use classes, variables, and methods. And, don’t forget to check out the Android SDK for more information.

While it’s helpful to learn Java, it’s also necessary to understand how Java works. The Java language was created by Sun Microsystems and is now owned by Oracle. Java is a powerful object-oriented programming language with support for primitive data types. It has similar syntax to C/C++, but it doesn’t provide the same low-level programming functionality. All Java code is written in the form of classes or objects. Android heavily relies on Java, making it an easy language for developers with traditional programming backgrounds.


If you’re looking to learn Kotlin before you develop an Android app, this free course can be very helpful. It’s an intermediate-level course, but it can benefit beginners as well as experienced developers. Written by Ben Deitch, an Android developer, the course is divided into four modules. The course is presented through video lessons and quizzes. Besides written instructions, the course includes downloadable videos.

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To begin, you should install the Android Studio and register as an Android developer. Then, create your first project. You should define the layout for your project and create a virtual device to test it. After creating a virtual device, you should test the app and explore the layout editor. You can also change the UI. You can try using the tutorial’s examples to make sure they work for you. Once you’re comfortable with Kotlin, you can move on to more advanced courses.

Before you begin your Android app development journey, it’s a good idea to learn Kotlin’s fundamentals. For starters, Kotlin’s HashMap provides an object model similar to Java’s HashMap interface. Kotlin also supports object-oriented concepts, such as inheritance, abstraction, and inner classes. In addition to these features, Kotlin provides you with auto-generated Getter and Setters.

Corona SDK

If you’re new to the Android app development community, consider learning some basics about Corona SDK before diving in headfirst. For beginners, the SDK’s easy-to-use scripting language and integrated development environment make it ideal for creating games and other types of applications. The Corona SDK is free to download and install, which makes it an excellent choice for beginner programmers. You can also get a free trial version of the SDK to see how easy it is to use.

You’ll first need to learn about display objects. Display objects are pre-defined objects that have useful functions and properties. For example, the newImage() function will read an image file and display it on screen. Display objects are rendered in layers. The first image on the screen will be the background. To place the image in the middle, you can specify halfW and halfH values. Otherwise, you’ll end up with a blank screen.

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It’s important to learn JavaScript basics before starting to develop an Android app. The ECMAScript standard defines JavaScript, a high-level language that is similar to HTML. The JavaScript ecosystem includes several libraries and frameworks, such as React Native, which takes advantage of the native platform’s capabilities. React Native doesn’t use HTML or CSS, instead using a JavaScript thread to manipulate native views.

Besides Android app development, JavaScript is also used to develop cross-platform applications. It has some limitations and is not as widely used as C#. It requires a lot of memory and garbage collection, which can affect system performance. Also, Java has complex sentences and words that can be difficult to understand. A good alternative to Java is Kotlin, a cross-platform programming language that runs on the Java Virtual Machine.

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If you are not familiar with JavaScript, try using Kotlin instead. Kotlin is 100% interoperable with Java and can be used as a starting point for Android app development. Kotlin is a much simpler language than Java and is also 100% compatible with most IDEs. It’s also easy to switch between languages, making it a great language for learning Android. And while learning JavaScript, you’ll be able to make a good start with Kotlin and Java.

SQLite databases

A database, known as SQLite, is an integral part of an Android app. SQLite was created by Richard Hipp in 2000. It is a free and open source database that eliminates the server-client architecture and stores all app information directly on the mobile device. This database format has become a favorite among Android developers because it makes creating apps a simple process. In addition to its ease of use, SQLite provides excellent security.

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The biggest downside of SQLite is that it can be extremely difficult to integrate into small devices. While postgre or MySQL are powerful databases, they are unable to be easily implemented into mobile devices. Instead, developers should learn how to use a more streamlined database solution, called Realm. Realm is based on the Room Persistence Library and is easy to use. The SQLite database format is also compatible with many other platforms.

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The SQLite database language is a good choice for building mobile applications. It is an open source database engine that stores data in a text format. Unlike MySQL, the SQLite implementation is built into the Android operating system. Unlike MySQL, which is more commonly used on web servers, SQLite is more appropriate for mobile applications. Because it is so lightweight, SQLite allows developers to store private application data in a single file on the device.

Application components

If you’ve never developed an Android app before, you should familiarize yourself with source control tools such as Git. For this, you can set up a git-source repository on Bitbucket or GitHub. A good book to learn Git basics is the Git Pocket Guide. After gaining a working knowledge of git, you can move on to learning about application components. Each of these components plays a specific role in an Android app and some are independent, while others act as the actual entry point into the app.

Activities are another important part of Android app development. These provide the screen for user interaction and can be as simple as calling a friend or sending a mail. They each have their own window, which is either full-screen or smaller. The windows can lay above other windows, as well. This is the reason why activities are necessary when building an Android app. Application developers can start learning about these components by looking at existing Android apps, or referring to the online resources available.

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If you haven’t yet begun wireframing for your Android app, it’s time to start. Wireframes are a simple and effective way to visualize your app’s features and navigation. They allow you to consider context and adjust design to fit this context. If your app is a gaming app, for example, wireframes can be extremely helpful in helping you decide what kind of game-playing experience to build. Support apps are also different from gaming apps, so you should consider that when creating a wireframe.

Although screen mockups are a great way to verify your design ideas, they often require extensive work to revise and re-design. Ultimately, it’s the user’s preferences that will determine the final design. Wireframes bring the focus on user experience to the very beginning of the project. These early sketches should be included in the final design. However, you should also avoid common mistakes when wireframing before Android app development.

Android SDKs

The Android SDK includes a complete set of development tools, including a debugger, libraries, and handset emulator based on QEMU. It also provides documentation, sample code, and tutorials. To get started, you will need to download the Android SDK from the Google Play store and follow the instructions on the screen. Then, you’ll be ready to start building your app. This tutorial will teach you everything you need to know about the Android SDK.

When installing the Android SDK, you can choose to update or install the latest version of each package. The update dash will appear on the checkbox next to the package you want to install. A window will appear with a current installation status. You’ll be required to agree to the License Terms and click Finish to complete the installation. This process may take a few minutes, depending on how many packages you’ve selected. When the installation is complete, you’ll have to restart the computer.

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While this architecture makes it easy to integrate new applications into your existing app, it also creates a vulnerability in that third-party SDKs are executed within the sandbox of your host application, which may allow them to collect undisclosed user data. This poses a potential security risk for the user, especially if a third-party SDK is used to collect data on users. This is not always clear to developers, and there’s no way to be sure if a third-party SDK is protecting user privacy.

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In this article, we will discuss the differences between views and activities, and look at the Lifecycle of an Activity. We will also discuss the Fragment-based architecture, LinearLayout, and OnResume() methods. By the end of this article, you will know the basics of creating Android views and activities. We hope you found this article helpful. For more information on Android app development, read our tutorials.

Activity lifecycle

In the activity lifecycle in Android, your app’s state is saved in memory. If your activity gets killed, it will still have its state. This is because android will not reload the entire activity, but instead it will just retrieve the instance and the UI components in memory. In the activity creation method, you’ll perform static work, such as creating views or binding data to lists. Once the activity returns to the main screen, you can continue interacting with its components.

After an activity is started, it invokes the onStart() method. Then, if the activity is stopped, the onRestart() method is called. The onStart() method is also called once the activity is killed. In some cases, the OS will call this method when the user switches between activities. Specifically, when a user switches from Application A to Application B, the current activity is paused. If the user clicks on the icon of Application A, the activity is restarted.

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The onCreate event is called when the activity is first created. The onStart method is called when the activity is visible to the user. The onResume function is called when the activity is resumed and onDestroy is called before the activity is destroyed. If the activity was stopped, the onCreate method is called again. When the activity was created, it entered the Created state. The onPause method is called after the activity is stopped.

When an activity changes state, the android system calls its callback methods. During this transition, the android system calls callbacks for the app. These methods are called every time the activity enters or exits a state. The lifecycle method of an app can be used to monitor changes in the UI. Once you have a full understanding of the Android activity lifecycle, you can begin building your own custom apps. If you are confused, try creating an android studio project. Then copy and paste the code into the main activity java class.

OnStart() calls the onStart() method when the activity is visible to the user. It signifies that the activity is running in the foreground. When the activity is destroyed, the user needs to restart it again. The second Activity replaces the first Activity in the Activity Stack and moves to the top of the stack. If the first Activity is not running for a long time, the second Activity will come to the top.

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Fragment-based architecture

The main benefit of fragment-based architecture is that each activity is isolated, and no other fragment can communicate with it. Fragments should only exchange data with each other on a one-time basis. Instead, they use the FragmentResult API to pass data to one another. To retrieve a value from another fragment, set a result listener to the fragment that passed the data. Then, use the code below to execute the result listener.

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When a fragment is created, the system calls the onCreate() method. The fragment creator must initialize the necessary components and return them when the fragment pauses. If the fragment will be displaying UI, the onCreateView() method will be called. A fragment can only return a View component, so it is important to maintain the view state of that fragment. It can also return null if it doesn’t provide a UI.

The fragments’ lifecycle methods are classified by context. The context determines which fragments are active. The getActivity method returns the activity context when a fragment is active. If the fragment is paused, the activity context is null. When fragments are re-used, fragments should only communicate with their parent activity. Fragments should coordinate with other Android components to enforce the business logic of the application.

When a fragment is created, its view must be non-null. If the fragment’s view is null, it will not be displayed. The fragment’s view is then updated by the getViewLifecycleOwnerLiveData() method. The fragment’s lifecycle callback is called at this time, which is a good place to set the fragment’s view state and observe any LiveData instances.

Using fragment-based architecture in Android means that your code is simpler, since you won’t need to write navigation code for each fragment. Instead, you can keep navigation code in one class and use the fragment’s navigation interface to simplify the navigation process. The fragment’s id property is used to identify the fragment, while its name refers to its destination. In Android Studio 3.2 Canary 13, the navigation editor is available.

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A LinearLayout is a container for children of an activity. It aligns child views horizontally or vertically. A LinearLayout can have multiple children and is nested. There are also other types of layouts in Android, including Relative and Frame Layout. Each child can be assigned a weight value and have the same alignment, as long as the parent activity has the same layout as the child.

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As the view hierarchy is too deep, a LinearLayout view may have a performance penalty. It can waste time measuring the same UI element more than once. A better choice is the RelativeLayout. In Android, both are valid. In both cases, it’s important to understand what each of them does. While the LinearLayout structure is more common, it’s not the best choice.

While both linear layouts display children in one direction, LinearLayout displays children in different directions. It respects the margins between child views and the gravity of each child. LinearLayout also uses android:layout_weight, which specifies how much space is allocated for each view. If you want your child view to take up the entire screen, you’ll need to specify a value of two.

In Android, you should make sure that the size of each component is equal. LinearLayout leverages the android:layout_weight property. Specifically, it sets the weight for each subview. By default, the size of a btnLocEnable component will be 2/5 of the parent’s width and vice versa. In contrast, btnUploadPhoto will have 3/5 of its parent’s width.

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When you use the view class, you must implement a layout in a ViewGroup. This enables you to change the order in which your views are displayed. LinearLayout also has its own nested static class, which implements the layout_weight parameter. A view can be displayed only if it is attached to the layout hierarchy. This class implements several life cycle hooks. OnAttachedToWindow() is called when a window is available. Another life cycle hook is onDetachedFromWindow(). A view can also be detached from its parent via the finished() method.

In Android, there are several different types of layouts. LinearLayout and RelativeLayout both have advantages and disadvantages. RelativeLayout allows you to define the orientation of sub components relative to their parent. The former allows you to place buttons above or below the EditText. The former allows for vertical alignment and helps distribute space. It is best suited for mobile devices, which can be cramped.


When an activity is started, it becomes visible to the user. After it enters the foreground, it is ready to run UI code. When the activity ends, it calls OnResume(). The difference between an activity and a view is that an activity is fully operational while a view is in the background. The differences between an activity and a view are explained in the following sections.

OnStart() is called whenever an activity is created. The first time the activity is launched, it is called on the first callback in the class. OnResume() is called when the activity is resumed. The purpose of this method is to refresh the UI of the activity and its associated views. The onStart and OnResume functions unregister any variables registered in the onCreate, onStop, and onDestory callbacks.

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When an activity is stopped or paused, it enters the paused state. At this point, it is time for the system to free memory. It then invokes the onResume() method. The activity is then brought back to the foreground. If the activity is resumed, it is time to update the user interface and clean up any remaining state. This method should always be called before the system decides to resume the activity.

OnResume() is called when an activity becomes visible again after being paused. However, this doesn’t mean that it leaves the foreground state. It simply suspends the activity so that another application can take its place. While the user may resume an activity when it is suspended, it does not guarantee that it will be available. It is therefore important to consider when to use onPause() and onResume().

An activity can also be restored if the user rotates the device. If the user rotates the device, the activity will go through the lifecycle calls and recreate itself. This will call the onCreateDialog() and onPrepareDialog() methods. The onPrepareDialog() method will be called between onStart() and onResume(). This will leave part of the main activity visible until the user returns to the main activity.

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